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100th Anniversary of Indian Cinema

Photographer: Divyakant Solanki


Indian cinema's first silent feature film, entitled 'Raja Harishchandra' by home-grown film maker Dadasaheb Phalke was released on 03 May 1913. Known as the 'father of Indian cinema' Phalke's 40 minute offering tells the story of a righteous king, adapted from Hindu mythology. An unusual feature of the film is that all female characters were performed by male actors.


In the 100 years since the movie's release, the Indian film industry – largely thanks to Bollywood – has become one of the biggest in the world. A large number of movies are produced in several languages each year.


Although the Bollywood factor has given India a huge new profile, the period of the 1950s to the 1960s is considered as the Golden Age of Cinema, with some of the most acclaimed films being made during this time, including Bimal Roy's 'Do Bheega Zameen' (1953) and Raj Kapoor's 'Awaara' (1951) and 'Shree 420' (1955).


The Indian government in cooperation with the Indian film industry hosted numerous events to celebrate the 100th anniversary Indian cinema.