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epa Photo Essays 2020
As the Japanese proverb 'The nail that sticks out will be hammered down' implies, people in Japan are under enormous pressure to conform and avoid becoming that nail — an outlier from the rest of society. Many feel suffocated having to live within the confines of such strict social norms. That is where Leiya Arata and her ‘factory’ of fantasies come in, catering to those with desires and dreams that might not be welcome in mainstream society. As well as providing the chance of regenerative transformation with the human love doll package, Arata offers another peculiar ceremony in which people can say their final farewells to love dolls or sex dolls. In a country known for its high rates of social alienation and isolation, also known as hikikomori, and starved of human companionship, many Japanese grow emotionally attached to love dolls, going so far as holding funerals for these life-sized plastic partners.
Every year in Provence, the start of summer is marked by the flowering of lavender fields, much to the delight of tourists but especially for bees coming from far and wide to forage this sacred flower. Beekeeper Jérôme Payen practices the transhumance of bees, which consists of transporting beehives to the Valensole plateau, renowned for its lavender fields stretching as far as the eye can see. From his 150 beehives, he selects the most numerous and strongest hives that will make the long journey to pollen paradise. Two days later, at nightfall, when the bees have all returned to their hives, the transhumance begins. A race against time starts to unload the hives 150 km away on the plateau of Valensole before sunrise. The first rays of sunshine herald the start of a busy day for the bees buzzing between the hives and the lavender flowers. At the end of the summer Jérôme returns to harvest lavender honey labelled 'Flowers of Provence'.
In the barren expanses of the Karoo (great dry land) in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, a perfect storm of circumstances has had a major and devastating effect on the local people.
Three months of Covid-19 coronavirus lockdown, a harsh seven-year drought, and ongoing impact of the general economic slowdown over the past years along with an ill-prepared local and provincial government have left the vast majority of the local people under financial, physical and spiritual pressure.
Although Covid-19 has only recently started to take lives, the lockdown implemented by the national government to flatten the curve of infections in South Africa already has a major impact on the region.
'Here come the astronauts! COVID, COVID!' Bystanders joke around while covering their mouths as a group of volunteer health workers enter an alley in Village 775, Zone 84 of Manila to check on positive and suspected cases of COVID-19. 'It's funny; we used to get irked when we were called names, but now we’re used to it. 'Astronaut' is their favorite,' quips one of the volunteers. Mercelina Villacampa, Vannessa Morales, Fe Bacunawa and Richell Arsenio have been conducting home visits twice a day since mid-March, when the northern Philippine island of Luzon was put under lockdown in a bid to contain the spread of the coronavirus pandemic. The group shares that they also experience discrimination because of their constant exposure to patients. To assuage the fears of their families and neighbors, all four volunteers have undergone rapid testing, which luckily produced negative results.
Throughout the history of art, the window as a point of view is a recurring motif among painters, portraitists, filmmakers, and visual artists in general. Amid the global confinements imposed by Covid-19, contemporary artists are finding renewed significance and meaning in these windows. Windows have started to represent the border between the outside and the inside world, between society and solitude, between freedom and confinement. Photographer Bruno Alencastro, keen to illustrate the strange times that the world is living through during times of lockdown and quarantine, settled on the idea of the 'camera obscura', or 'dark chamber'. He sealed off his apartment from any light source and projected the outside image in his living room. He invited other photographers who agreed to transform their homes into large-format pinhole cameras, and captured their lives in times of quarantine, confinement and lockdowns.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on 16 April expanded a state of emergency to the entire country, after originally only declaring one in limited parts of the country, as the nation struggles to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The government is requesting companies and employers to allow employees work from home in a bid to reduce commutes by 70 percent, but many workers in the capital are unable or not allowed to do so, resulting in tens of thousands commuting in packed trains and stations in key areas of the city. The government is also asking bars and restaurants to remain closed or reduce their business hours. While many shops are heeding calls from the government to remain closed, some bars and restaurants have been defying the government requests and remaining open nightly with customers sitting side by side with their face masks pulled down to their chins, seemingly complacent to the social distancing guidelines.
Ever since the COVID-19 disease caused by the new coronavirus knocked on the door of our country, Greece, with the announcement of the first confirmed case, our daily life has radically changed. We#ve acquired new habits, we've even distanced ourselves from our loved ones, we’re wearing face masks, we’ve filled our pockets with antiseptic wipes and sprays and – most importantly – we’ve learned to 'stay home.' But this does not apply to everyone. There are some citizens who do leave their homes, risking their health so that the rest of us stay healthy and remain safely inside. People whose profession, conscience and sense of responsibility do not let them stay confined within the security that their houses provide.
Every year the Chilean Antarctic Institute organizes an Antarctic Scientific Expedition (ECA) to the White Continent – the 56th campaign included 49 projects carrying out fieldwork. Scientists began arriving in July 2019 with the last group closing bases by late March 2020. This was the longest campaign ever organized by the Institute, despite serious external setbacks: Chile faced months of social turmoil and the devasting crash of a logistical support plane that killed all 38 people on board. A further complication was the recent Covid-19 outbreak. A total of 505 people took part in the 56th ECA, ranging from logistical support specialists to scientists. The nature of investigations varied from climate change in the region to biotechnology, to the presence of human footprints and analysis of the Antarctic ecosystem.
Marie-Antoinette, born 1755 in Vienna, Austria, who became the Queen of France and Navarre by marrying Louis XVI, entered one of the darkest chapters of the French Revolution when she died at the guillotine in 1793. Her rumored relationship with the knight Axel de Fersen has never been confirmed. There are even rumors that the heir to the throne, Dauphin Louis XVII, was their love child. To protect the state’s security, the correspondence was coded and cyphered. But the most sensitive and controversial passages were crossed out in ink, making them illegible. These sections have still never been fully deciphered despite various analyses carried out over the past decade. But modern science, with its new testing techniques, has sparked hopes of revealing more secrets of this centuries-old love affair.
The coronavirus shutdown has affected every aspect of Czech life, including the arts and the country’s most famous National Theater, which is home to the Czech National Ballet. The nationwide quarantine has forced all non-essential workers into home confinement. For ballet dancers whose profession requires a rigorous exercise routine, these new restrictions pose major challenges to keep fit and ready to put on a show. The ballrooms in the historical center of Prague are empty, and the dancers have to take care of their condition by themselves, in their apartments, with their families, but they are helped by video-training sessions with their ballet masters.
On March 23 Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson implemented social distancing measures banning social gatherings and groups of more than two people. People must stand more than two metres apart as several European countries have closed borders, schools as well as public facilities, and have cancelled most major sports and entertainment events in order to prevent the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus causing the Covid-19 disease. The UK government rules are to only go outside for food, health reasons or work (but only if you cannot work from home). If you go out, stay 2 metres (6ft) away from other people at all times and do not meet others, even friends or family. This means for most people in the United Kingdom, life has completely changed.
A valley in the Southern tip of Chile, dubbed as the Rosetta Stone of Paleontology in the Southern hemisphere. New findings of well-preserved fossils of vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants from the Cretaceous period could be the key to unlocking significant tracts of the common past of South America and Antarctica.
Every year the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH) and the Universidad de Chile organize a paleontological expedition to shed some light on the end of the Cretaceous period when dinosaurs became extinct. In its 10th anniversary the expedition, a group of 20 researchers of various disciplines, embarked on a two-week journey into the heart of Chilean Patagonia.